seed savers exchange posted a nice list of need-to-know gardening terms. we talk about hybrids, open and cross-pollination, bolting, etc. in our emails, so these terms are good to know and jump back to basic biology a little, here:
Annual: a plant that completes its full life cycle—including germination, reproduction, and death—in one growing season
Anther: the pollen-producing part of a stamen
Biennial: a plant that requires vernalization and usually completes its life cycle in two growing seasons, growing vegetatively during the first season, undergoing vernalization, and producing flowers and seeds and dying during the second season
Bolt: to elongate rapidly (as a stem) prior to flowering
Cross-pollination: the transfer of pollen from one plant onto the stigma or flower of another plant
Cultivar: a plant or group of plants that have been bred or selected to have distinguishable, desirable traits; commonly called a variety
F1: the first-generation offspring produced from a cross between two different populations or varieties; an abbreviation of “first filial generation”
Filament: the hairlike stalk of a stamen that has a pollen-bearing anther at its tip
Flower: the reproductive structure of an angiosperm
Genetically modified organism (GMO): an organism that has had its genetic composition altered by way of molecular breeding techniques
Germination: the process by which a seed absorbs water and swells, causing the radicle to break through the seed coat; the emergence of a young plant from a seed
Heirloom variety: an open-pollinated cultivar that has been grown and shared from generation to generation within a family or community
Hybrid: a plant or variety created by crossing two stable, genetically distinct parental populations; of or related to such a plant or variety; also called an F1 hybrid
Isolation: the separation of one plant or group of plants from another to prevent cross-pollination
Natural selection: the multigenerational process by which heritable traits in a population become more or less common as a result of how efficiently those traits help individuals survive and reproduce
Open-pollinated variety: a variety that, when allowed to cross-pollinate only with other members of the same population, produces offspring that display the characteristic traits of the variety
Perennial: a plant that can live for more than two years, usually producing flowers and seeds for many years
Pistil: the female reproductive organ at the center of a flower, usually composed of an ovary, style, and stigma
Pollen: typically dust-like structures, produced by anthers, that carry male reproductive cells in flowering plants
Pollinator: an animal, often an insect, that moves pollen from an anther to a stigma
Population: the total number of plants of a variety that contribute their genetic material to the seeds being collected; a group of interfertile plants growing together that have the potential to interbreed
Row cover: spun synthetic fabric used to protect crops from pests and frost
Seed: a mature plant ovule composed of an embryo, an endosperm, and a seed coat
Seedborne: being carried in or on a seed; often refers to pathogens or disease
Self-pollination: the transfer of pollen from an anther to a stigma of the same plant
Stamen: the male reproductive structure of a flower, comprised of a filament and an anther
Stigma: the pistil’s sticky tip, which receives pollen
True-to-type: conforming to the known characteristics of a known plant variety
Variety: a phenotypically distinct, naturally occurring population of plants within a species: commonly used as a synonym for “cultivar”
Vernalization: the exposure of a plant to low temperatures, enabling the plant to flower
the Golden Community Garden will be hosting our first annual seed & seedling swap on Saturday, May 13th from 9-12 at the garden!
we have well over 100 tomato seedlings that will be hardened off and ready to plant in your garden, raised beds or containers!
some plants available are:
peacevine cherry tomato
mini orange bell pepper
gardener's sweetheart tomato
pink bumblebee tomato
black cherry tomato
if you have seedlings that you would like to add to our list, please comment here or contact us!
as you arrive for the seed exchange, if you have seeds, they will go in the labeled appropriate bin. take what you need and give what you can. for seedlings, we ask for a donation which goes to the Golden Community Garden.
we hope to see you there!
right now around Golden, you'll see an abundance of these white flowers with tops that resemble broccoli before flowering. this flower is called hoary cress and is EDIBLE as well as an invasive species. they are abundant at the clear creek history park right now.
we have quite a few poison hemlock plants that have appeared in the garden this year from windblown seed. i think it's important for gardeners to identify this plant to avoid any ingestion, as it is one of the most poisonous plants in the united states.
the poison hemlock i photographed below is between plots 9B&D right now, if you care to take a look.
poison hemlock has purple splotches on the stem, queen anne's lace does not. i have also heard someone say it looks like parsley. please don't garnish with poison hemlock.
and here is a link to help distinguish between poison hemlock and queen anne's lace.
be safe, gardeners!
Mapping Your Garden Plot
Adapted from Michael Buchenau, Executive Director of Denver Urban Gardens April
Plant radish, green onions, peas, spinach, lettuce, carrots, beets, chard, onions, parsley, cilantro, and/or garlic. You could start other plants indoors such as tomatoes or peppers or purchase transplants later in the season.
Add tomatoes, basil (plant near the tomatoes), broccoli, cabbage, summer squash, beans, oregano, cucumbers, peppers, and eggplants.
Continue these plants and once the tomatoes grow big enough, you could begin to plant leaf lettuce around it as well as some marigolds. The goal is to mix different types of vegetables with flowers and herbs. A variety will help your garden grow most effectively.
You can start to add new plants such as brussel sprouts, kale, or cauliflower. Begin to think about shading what needs to be shaded and allowing sun to those plants that need extra sunlight.
Begin to plant some cover crops such as buckwheat to parts of your garden that needs more soil nourishment.
Begin to plant more cover crops such as hairy vetch and rye. Begin to think about putting your garden to bed.
Entire garden should contain a cover crop such as hairy vetch, rye, or buckwheat. You
can keep garlic in the soil over winter. Make sure to get everything else out of the garden. Adding nitrogen to the soil can be done by planting beans and adding compost. Nitrogen is needed to build strong stems and healthy green leaves. Certain plants take a lot of nutrients out of the soil, so you need to plant other crops that will add to the soil like beans or clover. Also, make sure to rotate where the plants were planted for next year.
what a beautiful start to our garden season!
the golden community garden has a 75% return gardener rate this year, which is excellent! this year, we are trying to build our sense of community within the garden. we feel that knowing who grows their food next to yours is important. we feel that being able to connect and learn from our neighbors is important.
this year we will be putting tips and getting gardener feedback and making questions and answers accessible to gardeners on our blog!
we can't wait to see you all on thursday for our membership meeting and to start reconnecting through the earth, again.